OAS

 
Colombia - Ecuador - Venezuela - MERCOSUR
agreement box
  Background and Negotiations
   

The free trade agreement between Colombia, Ecuador (of the Andean Community), Venezuela and the member states of MERCOSUR was signed on 18 October 2004 and registered with the ALADI as Economic Complementation Agreement Nº59. This agreement evolved out of the Andean Community-MERCOSUR negotiations, which were initiated on 16 April 1998 with the signing of the Framework agreement towards the creation of a free trade area between the Andean Community and MERCOSUR (AAP.A14TMNº11).

Documents relating to the negotiations
26-30 April 2004 Lima, Peru: Aide-mémoire of the IX Andean Community-MERCOSUR meeting Spanish PDF
9-13 February 2004 Lima, Peru: Aide-mémoire of the VI Andean Community-MERCOSUR meeting Spanish PDF
14-15 December 2003 Montevideo, Uruguay:  Statement of Andean Community-MERCOSUR Ministerial meeting Spanish PDF
25-28 November 2003 Quito, Ecuador: Aide-mémoire of the IV Andean Community-MERCOSUR meeting Spanish PDF
20-24 October 2003 Lima, Peru: Aide-mémoire of the III Andean Community-MERCOSUR meeting Spanish PDF
24-25 September 2003 Montevideo, Uruguay: Aide-mémoire of the II Andean Community-MERCOSUR meeting Spanish PDF
27-28 August 2003 Montevideo, Uruguay: Aide-mémoire of the I Andean Community-MERCOSUR meeting Spanish PDF
04 August 2003 Andean Community proposal for Andean Community-MERCOSUR agreement Spanish PDF
10 June 2003 Joint communiqué of Andean Community-MERCOSUR meeting of Foreign Ministers Spanish PDF
16 April 1998 Framework agreement towards the creation of a free trade area between the Andean Community and MERCOSUR (AAP.A14TM No. 11) Spanish PDF
Source: MERCOSUR Secretariat

  Entry into Force
   

In accordance with Article 43 of the Agreement, the agreement was to enter into force once it was registered with ALADI and incorporated into the national legislation of each of the Signatory Parties. The Signatory Parties can apply the agreement bilaterally as of the date the Agreement is registered with the ALADI.

The legal documents allowing the agreement to enter into force in each of the countries are as follows:

- Argentina: Nota EMSUR C.R. No 5/05 (13 January 2005) (CR/di 1937)
- Brasil: Nota Nº 10 de 02/02/2005 - Decreto Nº 5361 (13 January 2005) (CR/di 1951)
- Colombia: Nota Nº MPC-009 (28 January 2005) - Decreto Nº 141de (26 January 2005) (CR/di 1948)
- Ecuador: Nota Nº 8/05 (23 March 2005) - Decreto Nº 2675-A (18 March 2005) (CR/di 1987)
- Paraguay: Nota Nº RP/ALADI-MERCOSUR/4/ Nº 64/05 (22 April 2005) - Decreto Nº 5130 (19 April 2005) (CR/di 2000)
- Uruguay: Nota Nº 008/05 (3 January 2005) - Decreto 663/85 (27 November 1985) (CR/di 1932)
- Venezuela: Nota II.2.U3.E1/ A 545/04 (7 January 2005) - Decreto Nº 3.340 (20 December 2004) (CR/di 1934)

According to the ALADI Website, the agreement entered into force:

on 05 January 2005 between Venezuela and Uruguay and between Venezuela and Argentina;
on 01 February 2005 between Colombia and Uruguay and between Colombia and Argentina; between Colombia and Brazil and between Venezuela and Brazil
on 01 April 2005 between Ecuador and Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay;
on 19 April 2005 between Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela and Paraguay.

  Implementation of the Agreement
   

Article 40 of the Agreement establishe san Administrative Commission made up of the MERCOSUR Common Market Group and representaitves of the Andean Community signatories to oversee the implementation and operation of the Agreement.

Documents relating to the Implementation of the Agreement
28-30 June 2005 Montevideo, Uruguay. First meeting of the Administrative Commission Spanish
 

Resolution No 01/05. Regulation of the Administrative Commission Spanish

 

Resolution No 02/05. Creation of the ad hoc group on the dispute settlement regime Spanish

 

Resolution No 03/05. Creation of the ad hoc group on rules of origin Spanish

 

Resolution No 04/05. Modification of trade liberalization programme Spanish

 
      • Annex 1 - preferences granted by Colombia to Uruguay Spanish
      • Annex 2 - preferences granted by Uruguay to Colombia Spanish
 

Resolution No 05/05. Amendments to the Appendices of Annex II on the trade liberalization programme Spanish

 
      • Annex 1 - Concessions of Colombia to Argentina Spanish
      • Annex 2 - preferences granted by Colombia to Argentina Spanish
      • Annex 3 - preferences granted by Argentina to Colombia Spanish
      • Annex 4 - preferences granted by Ecuador to Argentina Spanish
      • Annex 5 - preferences granted by Argentina to Ecuador Spanish
      • Annex 6 - preferences granted by Venezuela to Argentina Spanish
      • Annex 7 - preferences granted by Argentina to Venezuela Spanish
      • Annex 8 - concessions among Colombia, Paraguay and Uruguay Spanish
      • Annex 9 - preferences granted by Venezuela to Uruguay Spanish
      • Annex 10 - changes to the preferences granted by Colombia to Uruguay Spanish
      • Annex 11 - changes to the preferences granted by Paraguay to Ecuador Spanish
      • Annex 12 - preferences granted by Paraguay to Ecuador Spanish
 

Resolution No 06/05. Amendments to the Appendices of Annex IV regarding rules of origin Spanish

 
      • Annex 1 - bilateral requirements: Argentina and Colombia Spanish
      • Annex 2 - bilateral requirements: Argentina and Ecuador Spanish
      • Annex 3 - bilateral requirements: Argentina and Venezuela Spanish
Source: Ministerio de Economía y Producción, Secretaría de Industria, Comercio y PyME, Subsecretaría de Política y Gestión Comercial de Argentina

  Related Articles and Studies
   
July 2006 ALADI Secretariat. Impacto del Acuerdo CAN-MERCOSUR sobre la producción y las exportaciones de Paraguay Spanish

  Sources
   
 

 
Recent Developments
  February 2012. Developments related to the trade negotiations between Colombia and Uruguay New!

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