At the December 2002 Canada-EU Summit in Ottawa, leaders
issued a joint statement to design a forward-looking, wide-ranging bilateral trade and investment
enhancement agreement. On 18 March 2004, at the Canada-EU Summit in Ottawa, leaders agreed to a
framework for a Trade and Investment Enhancement Agreement (TIEA). In December 2004 the government
of Canada and the EU Commission adopted a voluntary framework for regulatory cooperation. The first
round of negotiations towards the TIEA took place in Brussels in May 2005. In 2006 Canada and the EU
jointly decided to pause negotiations.
On 27 April 2009, EU Member States adopted a negotiating mandate to implement a new economic free
trade agreement between the EU and Canada: The Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA).
The negotiations were officially launched during the EU-Canada Summit on 6 May 2009, in Prague,
The first meeting for the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement between Canada and the European
Union was held on 10 June 2009. The first round of negotiations took place in Ottawa from 19 to 23
October 2009. On 18 January 2010, Canada and the European Union met in Brussels for the second round
of negotiations. The third round of negotiations took place in Ottawa from 19-23 April 2010. The fourth
was held in Brussels from 12-16 July, the fifth from 18-22 October 2010 in Ottawa, and the sixth round
of negotiations took place in Brussels from 17 to 21 January 2011. Both countries held a seventh round
of talks in April 2011 while the eighth round took place in during the week of 15 July 2011. The ninth
round of negotiations was held in Ottawa from 17 to 21 October 2011.
On 18 October 2013, Canada and the European Union announced the conclusion of negotiations on the
Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA).
On 5 August 2014, Canada and the European Union agreed upon the final text for a free trade agreement.
The text has been received by the EU Member States and the Canadian provinces and territories.
The European Commission and the Canadian Government have agreed to include a new approach on investment
protection and investment dispute settlement in the EU-Canada Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement
(CETA). The final CETA text incorporates all the main elements of the EU's new approach on investment,
as outlined in the EU's TTIP proposal of November 2015 and contained in the recently concluded EU-Vietnam
Free Trade Agreement.
The Canada-European Union Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) was signed in Brussels,
Belgium on October 30, 2016 during the European Union-Canada Leader's Summit.