Background and Negotiations

Canada and MERCOSUR (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay) signed a Trade and Investment Cooperation Arrangement and Action Plan on 16 June 1998.

In November 2004, at a meeting between the Brazilian President and the Prime Minister of Canada, a Joint Declaration was issued including a commitment to promote MERCOSUR-Canada trade relations by "negotiating enhanced market access in the areas of goods, services and investment, in the context of the creation of a future Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA)." In February 2005 MERCOSUR and Canada held preliminary discussions at the first meeting of the Canada-MERCSOUR trade and investment dialogue.

On 24 June 2011, in Asunción, Paraguay, Canada and MERCOSUR agreed to start exploratory discussions to strengthen their trade relationship. Two exploratory meetings have already been held, and a third is scheduled for May 2012 in Ottawa, Canada.

On April 12, 2017 Canada and MERCOSUR held a technical working meeting reactivating the talks on a possible trade agreement between the two parties. On 24 July 2017, delegations from Canada and MERCOSUR held a technical meeting to discuss a possible trade agreement.

On February 23, 2018 Canada announced the positive conclusion of exploratory discussions on a comprehensive free trade agreement with MERCOSUR. On March 9, 2018 Canada and MERCOSUR agreed to launch negotiations toward a comprehensive Canada-MERCOSUR free trade agreement.

The first round of negotiations took place in Ottawa, Canada from March 20 to March 23, 2018. The Third round of negotiations was held in Ottawa, Canada on September 17-22, 2018. During this round, there were advances in Market Access, Services, Government Procurement, Dispute Settlement, Inclusive Trade and Trade Facilitation, among others.

The fourth round of negotiations concluded on December 12, 2018. The Fifth round of negotiations was held in Ottawa from March 22 to 29, 2019. During this round there was progress in chapters such as Trade Facilitation, Good Regulatory Practices and Intellectual Property. The parties continued their negotiations of the investment chapter.

Documents relating to the negotiations
22-29 March 2019 Fifth round of trade negotiations Spanish PDF new!
03-06 December 2018 Brasilia, Brazil. Fourth round of trade negotiations PDF
17-22 September 2018 Ottawa, Canada. Third round of free trade negotiations PDF
20-23 March 2018 Ottawa, Canada. First formal round of negotiations PDF
09 March 2018 Asuncion, Paraguay. Canada and MERCOSUR launch negotiations toward a comprehensive free trade agreement PDF
23 February 2018 Ottawa, Canada. Positive conclusion of exploratory discussions on a comprehensive trade agreement PDF
08 November 2017 Brasilia, Brazil. Canada and MERCOSUR successfully conclude exploratory dialogue PDF
09 October 2017 Joint Statement on a possible comprehensive free trade agreement between Canada and MERCOSUR PDF
26 July 2017 Buenos Aires, Argentina. MERCOSUR and Canada continue talks towards possible trade agreement Spanish PDF
12 April 2017 Canada and MERCOSUR resume talks PDF
20 March 2012 Canada and MERCOSUR hold exploratory trade talks PDF
24 June 2011 Canada and MERCOSUR move forward with exploratory conversations to strengthen their trade relationship PDF
27-28 September 2005 Third meeting of Canada-MERCOSUR trade and investment dialogue Word
08 February 2005 Ottawa: Joint communiqué on the launch of the MERCOSUR-Canada dialogue on trade and investment Spanish PDF
22-23 November 2004 Joint Declaration PDF
16 June 1998 Trade And Investment Cooperation Arrangement and Action Plan between Canada and the Mercosur PDF
Source: Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada; Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores y Culto, Argentina; Subsecretaría de Política y Gestión Comercial, Argentina; Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores, Paraguay

  Related Articles and Studies
March 2005 Canadian Foundation for the Americas (FOCAL), Canada. MERCOSUR: A Status Report and Prospects for CANADA-MERCOSUR RelationsPDF

Spanish version 
Recent Developments
  22-29 March 2019. Fifth round of trade negotiations new!