OAS

 
United States-Australia
  Background and Negotiations
   

On 13 November 2002 the US Trade Representative notified the US Congress of the intent to negotiate a free trade agreement with Australia. Negotiations began in March 2003 and concluded with an agreement on 8 February, 2004. On 13 February 2004, the President notified Congress of the intent to enter into the US-Australia FTA. Draft texts of the agreement were made available on 3 March 2004. The U.S.-Australia free trade agreement was signed on 18 May 2004.

Documents relating to the negotiations
18 May 2004 United States and Australia sign free trade agreementPDF
18 February 2004 Notice of intent to enter into a free trade agreement with AustraliaPDF
08 February 2004 United States and Australia complete negotiationsPDF
13 November 2002 USTR letter to the U.S. House of RepresentativesPDF
13 November 2002 USTR letter to the U.S. SenatePDF
13 November 2002 USTR notifies Congress of intent to initiate FTA negotiations with AustraliaPDF
Source: Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR); Official White House website; U.S. Federal Register

  Draft Texts
   

On 3 March 2004 the USTR released the draft texts of the U.S.-Australia free trade agreement.

Draft Texts
03 March 2004

Draft texts of the U.S.-Australia free trade agreement (AUSFTA)

Source: Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR)

  Entry into Force
   

The U.S.-Australia FTA came into force on 1 January 2005.

The United States - Australia Free Trade Agreement was passed in the U.S. House of Representatives on 14 July 2004 and in the U.S. Senate on 15 July 2004. The Act to implement the United States-Australia Free Trade Agreement was signed by the President on August 3, 2004 (Public Law 108-286), allowing for the Agreement to take effect on or after January 1, 2005. Australia's domestic enabling legislation was passed by the Australian Parliament on 13 August 2004 and received Royal Assent on 16 August 2004.

Documents relating to the entry into force
01 January 2005 U.S.-Australia Free Trade Agreement goes into effect todayPDFnew!
23 December 2004 Proclamation 7857 - To Implement the United States-Australia Free Trade AgreementPDF
13 December 2004 Modifications to the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States to Implement the United States-Australia Free Trade Agreement (ITC Publication 3722)PDF
U.S. implementing legislation
03 August 2004 Public Law 108-286. An Act to Implement the United States-Australia FTAPDF
20 January 2004 United States-Australia Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act (H.R. 4759)PDF
Australia's implementing legislation
16 August 2004 U.S. Free Trade Agreement Implemenation Act 2004 (No. 120, 2004)PDF
16 August 2004 U.S. Free Trade Agreement Implementation (Customs Tariff) Act 2004 (No. 121, 2004)PDF
Source: Australia Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT); United States International Trade Commission (USITC); U.S. Federal Register; U.S. Library of Congress

In November 2004, Australia and the United States exchanged letters containing information regarding the implementation of certain aspects of the AUSFTA relating to intellectual property rights and exchanged notes confirming their understanding on this.

Exchange of letters between the United States and Australia

17 November 2004 Minister for Trade of Australia to USTRPDF
17 November 2004 USTR to Minister for Trade of AustraliaPDF
17 November 2004 Exchange of Notes Accepting Each Others' Completion of Necessary Internal Requirements to Implement the AgreementPDF
Source: Australia Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT); Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR)

  Implementation of the Agreement
   

Article 21.1 of the United States-Australia Free Trade Agreement (AUSFTA) establishes a Joint Committee to supervise the implementation of the Agreement and to review the trade relationship between the Parties. The Committee is made up of governmental representatives, Co-Chaired by the United States Trade Representative and the Minister of Trade of Australia or their designees. The Joint Committee is to meet regularly on a yearly basis to review the general functioning of the Agreement, review and consider specific matters related to its operation, consider and adopt amendments, facilitate avoidance and settlements of disputes arising under the Agreement, issue interpretations of the Agreement; consider ways to enhance trade relations among the Parties; and take any other actions agreed by the Parties.

Several Committees have been formed. The Committee on Agriculture met on 3 March 2006 in Washington, D.C. The Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) Committee and the Standing Technical Working Group on Animal and Plant Health (STWGAPH) met on 14 February 2005 and on 6 March 2006. The Working Group on Professional Services (WGPS) met in June 2005 and March 2006. The Financial Services Committee met in June 2005 in Washington D.C. The Joint Working Group on Competition Law and Anticompetitive Business Practices (JWG) met in 2005 through videoconference. The Medicines Working Group (MWG) met on 13 January 2006.

The first meeting of the Joint Committee took place on 6 March 2006. Committees and Working Groups are to continue to meet in 2006 and a review of the implementation of the Government Procurement Chapter is to take place by January 2007. The Joint Committee is expected to meet next in 2007.

Documents relating to the Joint U.S.-Australia Committee
02 June 2008 Newark, New Jersey: Third meeting of the Joint Committee PDFnew!
07 March 2006

Washington, D.C.: First meeting of the Joint CommitteePDF

Source: Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR)

  Related Articles and Studies
   
March 2006 U.S. Department of Agriculture, Foreign Agricultural Service.Fact Sheet: U.S. - Australia FTAPDF
July 2004 Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR). Final Environmental Review of the United States -Australia Free Trade AgreementPDF
July 2004 Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR). US-Australia FTA: Summary of the AgreementPDF
June 2004 U.S. Department of Labor. United States Employment Impact Review of the U.S.-Australia Free Trade AgreementPDF
May 2004 Australia Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. The AUSFTA: Facts at a GlancePDF
March 2004 Australia Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Australia-United States Free Trade Agreement: Guide to the AgreementPDF
March 2004 Australia Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. A Guide to Navigating the AUSFTA Tariff Schedules and Rules of Origin AnnexesWord
August 2001

Australia Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade/Monash University's APEC Study Centre. An Australia-United States Free Trade Agreement - Issues and ImplicationsPDF

  Sources
   
 

Spanish version
Recent Developments
  02 June 2008. Third meeting of the AUSFTA Joint Committeenew!

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