OAS

 
Pacific Alliance
Text of the agreement
  Background and Negotiations
   

The Pacific Alliance began on April 28, 2011 as a regional integration initiative comprised of Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru, within the framework of the Latin American Pacific Basin Initiative.

The objective of the Pacific Alliance is to form an area of deep integration that boosts further growth, development and competitiveness of the economies it comprises, by progressively seeking free movement of goods, services, capital and people; as well as becoming a platform for economic and trade integration with a projection towards the Asia-Pacific region.

Since its inception, there have been ten presidential summits and fourteen ministerial meetings. The eighth Summit took place in Cartagena, Colombia, on 10 February 2014. The ninth presidential summit was held on 19-20 June 2014, with the participation of presidents of Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru. At that meeting, Mexico received the pro tempore presidency of the Pacific Alliance.

The 10th Presidential Summit of the Pacific Alliance took place in July 2015, with the attendance of Heads of State and Government of the economic trade bloc and representatives of 32 observer states and international organizations. The event began with a two-day High Level Group (GAN) meeting bringing together Ministers of Foreign Trade and Foreign Affairs from the Pacific Alliance countries. The high-ranking officials discussed the progress made by technical groups and presented a complete assessment of the process status, highlighting the issues of trade facilitation, regulatory cooperation, SMEs and innovation, among others.

At the Paracas Summit, Mexico handed over the pro tempore presidency of the Pacific Alliance to Peru. Likewise, Presidents of the Pacific Alliance signed the Declaration of Paracas, in which they highlighted the upcoming entry into force of the Framework Agreement; the progress achieved in the process of improvement of the Additional Protocol; and, of the Agreement that created the Fund for Cooperation. They also expressed their willingness to continue strengthening cooperation with observer states. During this Summit 10 new countries were admitted as observers: Austria, Denmark, Georgia, Greece, Haiti, Hungary, Indonesia, Poland, Sweden and Thailand.

The 11th Presidential Summit of the Pacific Alliance took place from 28 June to 01 July 2016, with the attendance of Heads of State and Government of the economic trade bloc and representatives of 49 observer states and international organizations.

Presidential Summits
28 June-01 July 2016 Puerto Varas, Chile. Eleventh Presidential Summit In SpanishPDF
  bulletDeclaration of Puerto Varas In Spanish PDF
01-03 July 2015 Paracas, Peru. Tenth Presidential Summit In SpanishPDF
  bulletDeclaration of Paracas In Spanish PDF 
10 December 2014 Declaration of the Pacific Alliance on Climate Change PDF
20 June 2014 Ninth Presidential Summit concludes
  bulletDeclaration of Punta Mita In Spanish PDF 
  bulletFinal Communique In Spanish PDF 
10 February 2014 Declaration of Cartagena (Eighth Summit) In Spanish PDF 
23 May 2013

Declaration of Cali (Seventh Summit) In SpanishPDF

26 January 2013

Declaration of Santiago (Sixth Summit) In SpanishPDF

17 November 2012

Declaration of Cádiz (Fifth Summit) In SpanishPDF

06 June 2012

Declaration of Paranal (Fourth Summit) In SpanishPDF

05 March 2012

Virtual Summit In SpanishPDF

04 December 2011

Declaration of Mérida (Third Summit) In SpanishPDF

28 April 2011

Declaration of Lima (First Summit) In SpanishPDF

Source:  Portal de la Alianza del Pacífico; Secretaría de Relaciones Exteriores, México

On August 26, 2013, as part of the ninth Ministerial Meeting, the Pacific Alliance reached an agreement to liberalize 100 percent of their trade. The agreement also provides for the immediate reduction of 92 percent of tariff headings.

The Eleventh Ministerial Meeting took place on 30 May 2014. The meeting was held to review the progress made by the technical groups and to set the agenda for the Pacific Alliance Summit in June 2014. The Twelfth Ministerial Meeting took place on 19 June 2014. On the occasion of the United Nations General Assembly, the Council of Ministers of the Pacific Alliance countries met on September 25, 2014, in New York.

On November 2, 2014, ministers of the Pacific Alliance and of the MERCOSUR countries gathered in Cartagena de Indias, Colombia, in order to advance a dialogue between both blocks and identify potential areas of cooperation. This meeting responds to a mandate of the heads of State of Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru who pledged to move forward in the dialogue with other integration initiatives in the region.

Ministerial Meetings and other-related documents
29 April 2015 Mexico City, Mexico. Thirteenth Ministerial Meeting in SpanishPDF 
02 November 2014 Cartagena de Indias, Colombia. First meeting at ministerial level between the Pacific Alliance and MERCOSURPDF 
25 September New York, NY. Meeting of the Council of Ministers in SpanishPDF 
19 June 2014 Mexico City, Mexico. Twelfth Ministerial Meeting in SpanishPDF 
30 May 2014 Mexico City, Mexico. Eleventh Ministerial Meeting: Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru Joint Press Release PDF 
26 August 2013 Pacific Alliance countries concluded trade negotiationsPDF 
  Playa del Carmen, Mexico. 9th Ministerial Meeting In Spanish PDF 
Source: Dirección General de Relaciones Económicas Internacionales, Chile (DIRECON), Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores, Chile

One of the first issues to define was the foundational institutional framework of the Pacific Alliance, developed on the basis of the approval of existing free trade agreements between the member countries. The process of developing a framework agreement culminated in Paranal, Antofagasta, Chile, on June 6, 2012, with the signing of the Framework Agreement of the Pacific Alliance.

This agreement contains the parameters, institutional architecture and rules that will govern the process of political and economic articulation, and cooperation between Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru in the framework of the Pacific Alliance; the objectives of the Alliance and the actions to take to achieve them; the institutions, its attributions and manner of adopting the agreements, the process to participate as an Observer State and the accession of new State Parties, inter alia.

On 10 February 2014, Colombia, Chile, Mexico and Peru signed the Additional Protocol to the Framework Agreement which liberalizes 92% of their trade, with the remaining 8% over the coming years. The Government of Colombia forwarded the Additional Protocol to the Senate on 12 September 2014.

On 25 November 2015, the Peruvian government ratified the Additional Protocol to the Pacific Alliance Framework Agreement by Supreme Decree No. 062-2015 -RE.

The Additional Protocol to the Pacific Alliance Framework Agreement enters into force on 01 May 2016.

Texts of agreements and other related documents
01 May 2016 Additional Protocol to the Pacific Alliance Framework Agreement enters into force Spanish pdf 
25 November 2015 Peru ratifies the Additional Protocol to the Pacific Alliance Framework Agreement Spanish pdf 
12 September 2014 Bogota, Colombia. Colombia forwards Additional Protocol to the Framework Agreement to the Senate Spanish pdf 
10 February 2014 Additional Protocol to the Framework Agreement In SpanishPDF
26 July 2013

Peru deposits the ratification instrument of the Framework Agreement In SpanishPDF

09 July 2013 Chile deposits the ratification instrument of the Framework Agreement In Spanish PDF
30 November 2012

Mexico approves the Framework Agreement of the Pacific AllianceIn SpanishPDF

06 June 2012

Colombia, Chile, Mexico and Peru sign Framework Agreement of the Pacific Alliance In SpanishPDF

 

Text of the Framework Agreement of the Pacific Alliance In SpanishPDF

Source: Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores, Colombia; Portal de la Alianza del Pacífico

Currently there are 49 observer states of the Pacific Alliance: Argentina , Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, China, Costa Rica, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Germany, Finland , France, Georgia, Greece, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Israel, Italy, Japan, Morocco, Norway, New Zealand, The Netherlands, Panama, Paraguay, Poland, Portugal, Republic Republic , Romania, Singapore , Slovakia , SpainSouth Korea,Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand , Trinidad and Tobago , Turkey , Ukraine, United Kingdom, , United States and Uruguay .

It is noteworthy that the June 9, 2016 , representatives of the Government of Canada and the member countries of the Pacific Alliance signed a strategic alliance agreement to promote trade and investment. Therefore , Canada became the first observer country in establishing a strategic alliance with the Pacific Alliance . According to a joint statement , the agreement formalizes the relationship between Canada and the Pacific Alliance , providing a framework for long-term collaboration .

Documents related to Accesion on new State Parties and Observer States
10 February 2014 Cartagena de Indias, Colombia. Declaration on Costa Rica's process of accession to the Pacific Alliance  In SpanishPDF
17 July 2013

South Korea, China, United States and Turkey accepted as Observer States to the Pacific Alliance In SpanishPDF

10 May 2013

Paraguay seeks admission as an observer to the Pacific Alliance In SpanishPDF

Source: Sistema Económico Latinoamericano y del Caribe (SELA)

In addition to the Presidential Summits and Ministerial Meetings, the work structure of the Pacific Alliance includes High Level Group Meetings (HLG) and Negotiating Rounds of the Technical Groups.

The High Level Group (HLG), composed of Deputy Ministers of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade, was established to supervise the advancement of the technical groups and evaluate new action areas. Since the Presidential Declaration of 28 April 2011 (Lima, Peru) the following Technical Working Groups have been created, which address various topics of negotiation:

    • Movement of Business Persons and Facilitation of Transit Migration
    • Trade and Integration
    • Services and Capital
    • Cooperation
    • Institutional Issues
High Level Group (HLG) Meetings
15 December 2016 Bogota, Colombia. 38th Meeting of the HLG In SpanishPDF ¡Nuevo!
11-14 October 2016 Mexico City, Mexico. 37th Meeting of the HLG In SpanishPDF
28 June 2016 Puerto Varas, Chile. 36th Meeting of the HLG In SpanishPDF
07 June 2016 Mexico City, Mexico. 35th Meeting of the HLG PDF
25-26 April 2016 Lima, Peru. 34th Meeting of the HLG In SpanishPDF
03 March 2016 Bogota, Colombia. 33rd Meeting of the HLG In SpanishPDF
23 October 2015 Punta Arenas, Chile. 32nd Meeting of the HLG In SpanishPDF
29 April 2015 Mexico City, Mexico. 29th Meeting of the HLG In SpanishPDF
10 October 2014 Viña del Mar, Chile. 26th Meeting of the HLG In SpanishPDF
18 June 2014 Punta Mita , Mexico. 25th Meeting of the HLG In SpanishPDF
29 May 2014 Mexico City, Mexico. 24th Meeting of the HLG In SpanishPDF
08-09 April 2014 Lima, Peru. 23rd Meeting of the HLG In SpanishPDF
03 August 2013

Cartagena de Indias, Colombia. 18th Meeting of the HLG In Spanish PDF

21 June 2013

Lima, Peru. 17th Meeting of the HLG In SpanishPDF

21 May 2013

Cali, Colombia. 16th Meeting of the HLG In SpanishPDF

08-10 May 2013

Santiago, Chile. 15th Meeting of the HLG In SpanishPDF

11-12 April 2013

México. 14th Meeting of the HLG In SpanishPDF

13 March 2013

Cartagena de Indias, Colombia.13th Meeting of the HLG In SpanishPDF

02 February 2013

Lima, Perú. 12th Meeting of the HLG In SpanishPDF

20 December 2012

Cali, Colombia. 11th Meeting of the HLG In SpanishPDF

08 November 2012

Cartagena de Indias, Colombia. 10th Meeting of the HLG In SpanishPDF

17 October 2012

Lima, Perú. 9th Meeting of the HLG In SpanishPDF

30 June 2013 Villa de Leyva, Colombia. 8th Meeting of the HLG In SpanishPDF
27 August 2012

Puerto Varas, Chile. 7th Meeting of the HLG In SpanishPDF

2 May 2012

Bogotá, Colombia. Meeting of the HLG  In SpanishPDF

Source: Dirección General de Relaciones Económicas Internacionales, Chile (DIRECON); Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores, Colombia;  Portal de la Alianza del Pacífico; Secretaría de Relaciones Exteriores, México

  Entry Into Force
   

The Framework Agreement of the Pacific Alliance entered into force on 20 July 2015.

Documents relating to the entry into force of the agreement
20 July 2015 Framework Agreement of the Pacific Alliance enters into force In SpanishPDF
Source: Ministerio de Comercio, Industria y Turismo, Colombia

 

  Related Articles and Studies
   
February 2014 DIRECON. Protocolo Adicional al Acuerdo marco Alianza del Pacífico - ¿Qué significa? In SpanishPDF
23 May 2013

Pacific Alliance. ABCs of the Pacific Alliance In SpanishPDF

Source: Portal de la Alianza del Pacífico

  Sources
   
 

Spanish version 
Recent Developments
  15 December 2016. 38th Meeting of the High Level Group (HLG) ¡Nuevo!
   

Contents