Colombia - United States Trade Promotion Agreement

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Chapter One

Initial Provisions and General Definitions 

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Section A

Initial Provisions

Article 1.1

Establishment of a Free Trade Area

Article 1.2

Relation to Other Agreements

Section B  

General Definitions

Article 1.3  

Definitions of General Application


Annex 1.3: Country-Specific Definitions

Chapter Two National Treatment and Market Access for Goods  
Article 2.1  

Scope and Coverage

Section A  

National Treatment

Article 2.2  

National Treatment

Section B  

Tariff Elimination

Article 2.3  

Tariff Elimination

Section C  

Special Regimes

Article 2.4  

Waiver of Customs Duties

Article 2.5  

Temporary Admission of Goods

Article 2.6  

Goods Re-entered After Repair or Alteration

Article 2.7  

Duty-Free Entry of Commercial Samples of Negligible Value and Printed Advertising Materials

Section D  

Non-Tariff Measures

Article 2.8  

Import and Export Restrictions

Article 2.9  

Import Licensing

Article 2.10  

Administrative Fees and Formalities

Article 2.11  

Export Taxes

Section E  

Other Measures

Article 2.12  

Distinctive Products

Section F  

Institutional Provisions

Article 2.13  

Committee on Trade in Goods

Section G  


Article 2.14  

Scope and Coverage

Article 2.15  

Administration and Implementation of Tariff-Rate Quotas

Article 2.16  

Agricultural Export Subsidies

Article 2.17  

Export State Trading Enterprises

Article 2.18  

Agricultural Safeguard Measures

Article 2.19  

Sugar Compensation Mechanism

Article 2.20  

Consultations on Trade in Chicken

Article 2.21  

Committee on Agricultural Trade

Section H  


Article 2.22  



Annex 2.2 National Treatment and Import and Export Restrictions


Annex 2.3 Tariff Elimination


United States General Notes PDF

  United States Appendix I PDF  
  Colombia General Notes PDF  
  Colombia Appendix I PDF  
  US Tariff Schedule (Industrial and Textiles) PDF  
  United States Tariff Schedule (Agricultural Goods) PDF   
  Colombia Tariff Schedule (Industrial and Textiles) PDF  
  Colombia Tariff Schedule (Agricultural Goods) PDF  

Annex 2.11 Export Taxes


Annex 2.18 Agricultural Safeguard Measures

  ITA Side Letter PDF  
Chapter Three Textiles and Apparel  
Article 3.1  

Textile Safeguard Measures

Article 3.2  

Customs Cooperation and Verification of Origin

Article 3.3  

Rules of Origin, Origin Procedures, and Related Matters

Article 3.4  

Committee on Textile and Apparel Trade Matters

Article 3.5  



Annex 3-A: Textile and Apparel Specific Rules of Origin  for Chapters 42, 50 through 63, 66, 70, and 94


Annex 3-B: Short Supply List


Annex 3-C: Textile or Apparel Goods Not Covered by Chapter Three

  Appendix: Correlation Table for Textile and Apparel Goods  
Chapter Four Rules of Origin and Origin Procedures  
Section A  

Rules of Origin

Article 4.1  

Originating Goods

Article 4.2  

Regional Value Content

Article 4.3  

Value of Materials

Article 4.4  

Further Adjustments to the Value of Materials

Article 4.5  


Article 4.6  

De Minimis

Article 4.7  

Fungible Goods and Materials

Article 4.8  

Accessories, Spare Parts, and Tools

Article 4.9  

Sets of Goods

Article 4.10  

Packaging Materials and Containers for Retail Sale

Article 4.11  

Packing Materials and Containers for Shipment

Article 4.12  

Indirect Materials Used in Production

Article 4.13  

Transit and Transshipment

Article 4.14  

Consultation and Modifications

Section B  

Origin Procedures

Article 4.15  

Claims for Preferential Treatment

Article 4.16  


Article 4.17  

Record Keeping Requirements

Article 4.18  


Article 4.19  

Obligations Relating to Importations

Article 4.20  

Obligations Relating to Exportations

Article 4.21  

Common Guidelines

Article 4.22  


Article 4.23  



Annex 4.1 - Specific Rules of Origin PDF

  Annex 4.6 Exceptions to Article 4.6  
Chapter Five Customs Administration and Trade Facilitation  Back to top!
Article 5.1  


Article 5.2  

Release of Goods

Article 5.3  


Article 5.4  

Risk Management

Article 5.5  


Article 5.6  


Article 5.7  

Express Shipments

Article 5.8  

Review and Appeal

Article 5.9  


Article 5.10  

Advance Rulings

Article 5.11  


Chapter Six Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures  
Article 6.1  

Scope and Coverage

Article 6.2  

General Provisions

Article 6.3  

Standing Committee on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Matters

  February SPS Letter Exchange PDF  
  August SPS Letter Exchange PDF  
  Other SPS Letter Exchange PDF  
Chapter Seven Technical Barriers to Trade  
Article 7.1  

Affirmation of the TBT Agreement

Article 7.2  

Scope and Coverage

Articles 7.3  

Trade Facilitation

Article 7.4  

Conformity Assessment

Article 7.5  

Technical Regulations

Article 7.6  


Article 7.7  

Committee on Technical Barriers to Trade

Article 7.8  

Information Exchange

Article 7.9  


  Annex 7.7: Committee on Technical Barriers to Trade  
Chapter Eight Trade Remedies  
Section A  

Safeguard Measures

Article 8.1  

Imposition of a Safeguard Measure

Article 8.2  

Standards for a Safeguard Measure

Article 8.3  

Investigation Procedures and Transparency Requirements

Article 8.4  

Notification and Consultation

Article 8.5  


Article 8.6  

Global Safeguard Measures

Article 8.7  


Section B  

Antidumping and Countervailing Measures

Article 8.8  

Antidumping and Countervailing Measures

Chapter Nine Government Procurement  
Article 9.1  

Scope and Coverage

Article 9.2  

General Principles

Article 9.3  

Publication of Procurement Information

Article 9.4  

Publication of Notices

Article 9.5  

Time Limits

Article 9.6  

Information on Intended Procurements

Article 9.7  

Conditions for Participation

Article 9.8  

Limited Tendering

Article 9.9  

Treatment of Tenders and Awarding of Contracts

Article 9.10  

Ensuring Integrity in Procurement Practices

Article 9.11  

Domestic Review of Supplier Challenges

Article 9.12  

Modifications and Rectifications to Coverage

Article 9.13  

Disclosure of Information

Article 9.14  


Article 9.15  

Committee on Procurement

Article 9.16  


  Annex 9.1: Government Procurement PDF  
  Side Letter on 30-Day Tendering PDF  
  Side Letter Regarding Interim Measures PDF  
Chapter Ten Investment  Back to top!
Section A  


Article 10.1  

Scope and Coverage

Article 10.2  

Relation to Other Chapters

Article 10.3  

National Treatment

Article 10.4  

Most-Favored-Nation Treatment

Article 10.5  

Minimum Standard of Treatment

Article 10.6  

Treatment in Case of Strife

Article 10.7  

Expropriation and Compensation

Article 10.8  


Article 10.9  

Performance Requirements

Article 10.10  

Senior Management and Boards of Directors

Article 10.11  

Investment and Environment

Article 10.12  

Denial of Benefits

Article 10.13  

Non-Conforming Measures

Article 10.14  

Special Formalities and Information Requirements

Section B  

Investor-State Dispute Settlement

Article 10.15  

Consultation and Negotiation

Article 10.16  

Submission of a Claim to Arbitration

Article 10.17  

Consent of Each Party to Arbitration

Article 10.18  

Conditions and Limitations on Consent of Each Party

Article 10.19  

Selection of Arbitrators

Article 10.20  

Conduct of the Arbitration

Article 10.21  

Transparency of Arbitral Proceedings

Article 10.22  

Governing Law

Article 10.23  

Interpretation of Annexes

Article 10.24  

Expert Reports

Article 10.25  


Article 10.26  


Article 10.27  

Service of Documents

Section C  


Article 10.28  



Annex 10-A Customary International Law


Annex 10-B Expropriation


Annex 10-C Service of Documents on a Party under Section B


Annex 10-D Appellate Body or Similar Mechanism


Annex 10-E Special Dispute Settlement Provisions


Annex 10-F Public Debt


Annex 10-G Submission of a Claim to Arbitration

Chapter Eleven Cross-Border Trade in Services  
Article 11.1  

Scope and Coverage

Article 11.2  

National Treatment

Article 11.3  

Most-Favored-Nation Treatment

Article 11.4  

Market Access

Article 11.5  

Local Presence

Article 11.6  

Non-Conforming Measures

Article 11.7  

Domestic Regulation

Article 11.8  

Transparency in Developing and Applying Regulations

Article 11.9  


Article 11.10  

Transfers and Payments

Article 11.11  

Denial of Benefits

Article 11.12  

Specific Commitments

Article 11.13  


Article 11.14  



Annex 11-A


Annex 11-B Professional Services


Annex 11-C


Annex 11-D Express Delivery Services


Annex 11-E


Side Letter on State Measures PDF

Chapter Twelve Financial Services  
Article 12.1  

Scope and Coverage

Article 12.2  

National Treatment

Article 12.3  

Most-Favored-Nation Treatment

Article 12.4  

Market Access for Financial Institutions

Article 12.5  

Cross-Border Trade

Article 12.6  

New Financial Services

Article 12.7  

Treatment of Certain Information

Article 12.8  

Senior Management and Boards of Directors

Article 12.9  

Non-Conforming Measures

Article 12.10  


Article 12.11  

Transparency and Administration of Certain Measures

Article 12.12  

Self-Regulatory Organizations

Article 12.13  

Payment and Clearing Systems

Article 12.14  

Expedited Availability of Insurance Services

Article 12.15  

Specific Commitments

Article 12.16  

Financial Services Committee

Article 12.17  


Article 12.18  

Dispute Settlement

Article 12.19  

Investment Disputes in Financial Services

Article 12.20  



Annex 12.1.3(a) Understanding Concerning Article 12.1.3(a)


Annex 12.5.1 Cross-Border Trade


Annex 12.14 Expedited Availability of Insurance Services


Annex 12.15 Specific Commitments


Annex 12.16.1 Financial Services Committee


Understanding Regarding Financial Services and Services PDF

Chapter Thirteen Competition Policy, Designated Monopolies, and State Enterprises  
Article 13.1  


Article 13.2  

Competition Law and Anticompetitive Business Conduct

Article 13.3  


Article 13.4  

Working Group

Article 13.5  

Designated Monopolies

Article 13.6  

State Enterprises

Article 13.7  

Differences in Pricing

Article 13.8  

Transparency and Information Requests

Article 13.9  


Article 13.10  

Dispute Settlement

Article 13.11  


Chapter Fourteen Telecommunications  
Article 14.1  

Scope and Coverage

Article 14.2  

Access to and Use of Public Telecommunications Services

Article 14.3  

Obligations Relating to Suppliers of Public Telecommunications Services

Article 14.4  

Additional Obligations Relating to Major Suppliers of Public Telecommunications Services

Article 14.5  

Submarine Cable Systems

Article 14.6  

Conditions for the Supply of Information Services

Article 14.7  

Independent Regulatory Bodies and Government-owned Telecommunications Suppliers

Article 14.8  

Universal Service

Article 14.9  

Licenses and Other Authorizations

Article 14.10  

Allocation and Use of Scarce Resources

Article 14.11  


Article 14.12  

Resolution of Telecommunications Disputes

Article 14.13  


Article 14.14  

Flexibility in the Choice of Technologies

Article 14.15  


Article 14.16  

Relationship to Other Chapters

Article 14.17  



Annex 14-A Rural Telephone Suppliers

Chapter Fifteen Electronic Commerce  Back to top!
Article 15.1  


Article 15.2  

Electronic Supply of Services

Article 15.3  

Digital Products

Article 15.4  


Article 15.5  

Consumer Protection

Article 15.6  


Article 15.7  

Paperless Trade Administration

Article 15.8  


Chapter Sixteen Intellectual Property Rights  
Article 16.1  

General Provisions

Article 16.2  


Article 16.3  

Geographical Indications

Article 16.4  

Domain Names on the Internet

Article 16.5  


Article 16.6  

Related Rights

Article 16.7  

Obligations Common to Copyright and Related Rights

Article 16.8  

Protection of Encrypted Program-Carrying Satellite Signals

Article 16.9  


Article 16.10  

Measures Related to Certain Regulated Products

Article 16.11  

Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights

Article 16.12  

Promotion of Innovation and Technological Development

Article 16.13  

Understandings Regarding Certain Public Health Measures

Article 16.14  

Final Provisions


Annex 16.1

  ISP Side Letter PDF  
  Retransmission Side Letter PDF  
  Side Letter Concerning Patents and Certain Regulated Products PDF  
Chapter Seventeen Labor  
Article 17.1  

Statement of Shared Commitments

Article 17.2  

Fundamental Labor Rights

Article 17.3  

Enforcement of Labor Laws

Article 17.4  

Procedural Guarantees and Public Awareness

Article 17.5  

Institutional Arrangements

Article 17.6  

Labor Cooperation and Capacity Building Mechanism

Article 17.7  

Cooperative Labor Consultations

Article 17.8  



Annex 17.6 Labor Cooperation and Capacity Building Mechanism

Chapter Eighteen Environment  
Article 18.1  

Levels of Protection

Article 18.2  

Environmental Agreements

Article 18.3  

Enforcement of Environmental Laws

Article 18.4  

Procedural Matters

Article 18.5  

Mechanisms to Enhance Environmental Performance

Article 18.6  

Environmental Affairs Council

Article 18.7  

Opportunities for Public Participation

Article 18.8  

Submissions on Enforcement Matters

Article 18.9  

Factual Records and Related Cooperation

Article 18.10  

Environmental Cooperation

Article 18.11  

Biological Diversity

Article 18.12  

Environmental Consultations and Panel Procedure

Article 18.13  

Relationship to Environmental Agreements

Article 18.14  



Annex 18.2 Covered Agreements

Chapter Nineteen Transparency  
Section A  


Article 19.1  

Contact Points

Article 19.2  


Article 19.3  

Notification and Provision of Information

Article 19.4  

Administrative Proceedings

Article 19.5  

Review and Appeal

Article 19.6  


Section B  


Article 19.7  

Statement of Principle

Article 19.8  

Cooperation in International Fora

Article 19.9  

Anti-Corruption Measures

Article 19.10  


Chapter Twenty Administration of the Agreement and Trade Capacity Building Back to top!
Section A  

Administration of the Agreement

Article 20.1  

The Free Trade Commission

Article 20.2  

Free Trade Agreement Coordinators

Article 20.3  

Administration of Dispute Settlement Proceedings

Section B  

Trade Capacity Building

Article 20.4  

Committee on Trade Capacity Building


Annex 20.1: The Free Trade Commission

Chapter Twenty-One Dispute Settlement  
Section A  

Dispute Settlement

Article 21.1  


Article 21.2  

Scope of Application

Article 21.3  

Choice of Forum

Article 21.4  


Article 21.5  

Intervention of the Commission

Article 21.6  

Request for an Arbitral Panel

Article 21.7  

Indicative Roster

Article 21.8  

Qualifications of Panelists

Article 21.9  

Panel Selection

Article 21.10  

Rules of Procedure

Article 21.11  

Third Party Participation

Article 21.12  

Role of Experts

Article 21.13  

Initial Report

Article 21.14  

Final Report

Article 21.15  

Implementation of Final Report

Article 21.16  

Non-Implementation − Suspension of Benefits

Article 21.17  

Compliance Review

Article 21.18  

Five-Year Review

Section B  

Domestic Proceedings and Private Commercial Dispute Settlement

Article 21.19  

Referral of Matters from Judicial or Administrative Proceedings

Article 21.20  

Private Rights

Article 21.21  

Alternative Dispute Resolution

Chapter Twenty-Two Exceptions  
Article 22.1  

General Exceptions

Article 22.2  

Essential Security

Article 22.3  


Article 22.4  

Disclosure of Information

Article 22.5  



Annex 22.3 Competent Authorities

Chapter Twenty-Three Final Provisions  
Article 23.1  

Annexes, Appendices, and Footnotes

Article 23.2  


Article 23.3  

Amendment of the WTO Agreement

Article 23.4  

Entry into Force and Termination

Article 23.5  


Article 23.6  

Authentic Texts

Annexes   Back to top!
  Annex I: Non-Conforming Measures for Services and Investment  
  Formatting Note PDF  
  United States Annex IPDF  
  Colombia Annex IPDF  
  Annex II: Non-Conforming Measures for Services and Investment  
  Formatting NotePDF  
  United States Annex IIPDF  
  Colombia Annex IIPDF  
  Annex III: Non-Conforming Measures for Financial Services  
  United States Annex IIIPDF  
  Colombia Annex IIIPDF  
  Biotechnology TK UnderstandingPDF  
Full text of the Agreement PDF
Source: Office of the United States Trade RepresentativeOffsite link!  
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About the Agreement
  22 November 2006
  Entry into Force
  15 May 2012
Trade Policy Developments
  Related information Related information

Topics Covered in the Agreement
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