United States-Panama Trade Promotion Agreement
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Chapter One Initial Provisions �Regresar al incio de la p�gina!
Article 1.1 Establishment of a Free Trade Area  
Article 1.2 Objectives  
Article 1.3 Relation to Other Agreements  
Article 1.4 Extent of Obligations  
Chapter Two General Definitions ¡Regresar al incio de la página!
Article 2.1 Definitions of General Application  
  Annex 2.1: Country-Specific Definitions  
Chapter Three National Treatment and Market Access for Goods ¡Regresar al incio de la página!
Article 3.1 Scope and Coverage  
Section A National Treatment  
Article 3.2 National Treatment  
Section B Tariff Elimination  
Article 3.3 Tariff Elimination  
Section C Special Regimes  
Article 3.4 Waiver of Customs Duties  
Article 3.5 Temporary Admission of Goods  
Article 3.6 Goods Re-Entered after Repair or Alteration  
Article 3.7 Duty-Free Entry of Commercial Samples of Negligible Value and Printed Advertising Materials  
Section D Non-Tariff Measures  
Article 3.8 Import and Export Restrictions  
Article 3.9 Import Licensing  
Article 3.10 Administrative Fees and Formalities  
Article 3.11 Export Taxes  
Section E Other Measures  
Article 3.12 Distinctive Products  
Section F Agriculture  
Article 3.13 Scope and Coverage  
Article 3.14 Administration and Implementation of Tariff-Rate Quotas  
Article 3.15 Agricultural Export Subsidies  
Article 3.16 Export State Trading Enterprises  
Article 3.17 Agricultural Safeguard Measures  
Article 3.18 Sugar Compensation Mechanism  
Article 3.19 Agriculture Review Comission  
Article 3.20 Committee on Agricultural trade  
Section G Textiles and Apparel  
Article 3.21 Customs Cooperation  
Article 3.22 Monitoring  
Article 3.23 Consultations on Customs Cooperation and Monitoring  
Article 3.24 Textile Safeguard Measures  
Article 3.25 Rules of Origin and Related Matters  
Article 3.26 Most-Favored-Nation Rates of Duty on Certain Goods  
Article 3.27 Duty-Free Treatment for Certain Goods  
Article 3.28 Duty-Free Treatment for Certain Guayabera-Style Dresses and Shirts  
Article 3.29 Duty-Free Treatment for Certain Socks  
Article 3.30 Definitions  
Section H Institutional Provisions  
Article 3.31 Committee on Trade in Goods  
Section I Definitions  
Article 3.32 Definitions  
Chapter Four Rules of Origin and Origin Procecures ¡Regresar al incio de la página!
Section A Rules of Origin  
Article 4.1 Original Goods  
Article 4.2 Regional Value Content  
Article 4.3 Value of Materials  
Article 4.4 Further Adjustments to the Value of Materials  
Article 4.5 Accumulation  
Article 4.6 De Minimis Rule  
Article 4.7 Fungible Goods and Materials  
Article 4.8 Accesories, Spare Parts, and Tools  
Article 4.9 Packaging Materials and Containers for Retail Sale  
Article 4.10 Packing Materials and Containers for Shipment  
Article 4.11 Indirect Materials Used in Production  
Article 4.12 Transit and Transshipment  
Article 4.13 Set of Goods  
Article 4.14 Consultation and Modifications  
Section B Original Procedures  
Article 4.15 Claims of Origin  
Article 4.16 Obligations Relating to Importations  
Article4.17 Exceptions  
Article 4.18 Obligations Relating to Exportations  
Article 4.19 Record Keeping Requirements  
Article 4.20 Verification  
Article 4.21 Common Guidelines  
Article 4.22 Aplication of Certain Provisions  
Article 4.23 Definitions  
Chapter Five Customs Administration and Trade Facilitation ¡Regresar al incio de la página!
Article 5.1 Publication  
Article 5.2 Release of Goods  
Article 5.3 Automation  
Article 5.4 Risk Management  
Article 5.5 Cooperation  
Article 5.6 Confidentiality  
Article 5.7 Express Shipments  
Article 5.8 Review and Appeal  
Article 5.9 Penalties  
Article 5.10 Advance Rulings  
Article 5.11 Panamanian Free Zone Monitoring Program  
Article 5.12 Application of Certain Provisions  
Chapter Six Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures �Regresar al incio de la p�gina!
Article 6.1 Affirmation of the SPS Agreement  
Article 6.2 Scope and Coverage  
Article 6.3 Committee on Sanitary and Phitosanitary Matters  
Chapter Seven Technical Barriers to Trade ¡Regresar al incio de la página!
Article 7.1 Affirmation of the TBT Agreement  
Article 7.2 Scope and Coverage  
Article 7.3 International Standards  
Article 7.4 Trade Facilitation  
Article 7.5 Conformity Assessment  
Article 7.6 Technical Regulations  
Article 7.7 Transparency  
Article 7.8 Committee on Technical Barriers to Trade  
Article 7.9 Information Exchange  
Article 7.10 Definitions  
Chapter Eight Trade Remedies ¡Regresar al incio de la página!
Section A Safeguards  
Article 8.1 Imposition of a Safeguard Measure  
Article 8.2 Standards for a Safeguard Measure  
Article 8.3 Administration of Safeguard Proceedings  
Article 8.4 Notification and Consultation  
Article 8.5 Compensation  
Article 8.6 Global Actions  
Article 8.7 Definitions  
Section B Antidumping and Countervailing Duties  
Article 8.8 Antidumping and Countervailing Duties  
Chapter Nine Government Procurement ¡Regresar al incio de la página!
Article 9.1 Scope and Coverage  
Article 9.2 General Principles  
Article 9.3 Publication of Procurement Measures  
Article 9.4 Publication of Notice of Intended Procurement  
Article 9.5 Time Limits for the Tendering Process  
Article 9.6 Tender Documentation  
Article 9.7 Technical Specifications  
Article 9.8 Requirements and Conditions for Participating in Procurement  
Article 9.9 Tendering Procedures  
Article 9.10 Awarding of Contracts  
Article 9.11 Information on Contract Awards  
Article 9.12 Non-Disclosure of Information  
Article 9.13 Ensuring Integrity in Procurement Practices  
Article 9.14 Exceptions  
Article 9.15 Domestic Review of Supplier Challenges  
Article 9.16 Modifications and Rectifications to Coverage  
Article 9.17 Definitions  

Annex 9.1: Government Procurement PDF

Chapter Ten Investment ¡Regresar al incio de la página!
Section A Investment  
Article 10.1 Scope and Coverage  
Article 10.2 Relation to the Other Chapters  
Article 10.3 National Treatment  
Article 10.4 Most-Favored-Nation Treatment  
Article 10.5 Minimum Standard of Treatment  
Article 10.6 Treatment in Case of Strife  
Article 10.7 Expropriation and Compensation  
Article 10.8 Transfers  
Article 10.9 Performance Requirements  
Article 10.10 Senior Management and Boards of Directors  
Article 10.11 Investment and Environment  
Article 10.12 Denial of Benefits  
Article 10.13 Non-Conforming Measures  
Article 10.14 Special Formalities and Information Requirements  
Section B Investor-State Dispute Settlement  
Article 10.15 Consultation and Negociation  
Article 10.16 Submission of a Claim to Arbitration  
Article 10.17 Consent of Each Party to Arbitration  
Article 10.18 Conditions and Limitations on Consent of Each Party  
Article 10.19 Selection of Arbitrators  
Article 10.20 Conduct of the Arbitration  
Article 10.21 Transparency of Arbitral Proceedings  
Article 10.22 Governing Law  
Article 10.23 Interpretation of Annexes  
Article 10.24 Expert Reports  
Article 10.25 Consolidation  
Article 10.26 Awards  
Article 10.27 Service Documents  
Section C Additional Provisions and Definitions  
Article 10.28 Additional Provisions  
Article 10.29 Definitions  
Chapter Eleven Cross-Border Trade In Services ¡Regresar al incio de la página!
Article 11.1 Scope and Coverage  
Article 11.2 National Treatment  
Article 11.3 Most-Favored-Nation Treatment  
Article 11.4 Market Access  
Article 11.5 Local Presence  
Article 11.6 Non-Conforming Measures  
Article 11.7 Transparency in developing and Applying Regulations  
Article 11.8 Domestic Regulation  
Article 11.9 Mutual Recognition  
Article 11.10 Transfers and Payments  
Article 11.11 Denial of Benefits  
Article 11.12 Specific Commitments  
Article 11.13 Additional Provisions  
Article 11.14 Implementation  
Article 11.15 Definitions  
Chapter Twelve Financial Services ¡Regresar al incio de la página!
Article 12.1 Scope and Coverage  
Article 12.2 National Treatment  
Article 12.3 Most-Favored-Nation Treatment  
Article 12.4 Market Access for Financial Institutions  
Article 12.5 Cross-Border Trade  
Article 12.6 New Financial Services  
Article 12.7 Treatment of Certain Information  
Article 12.8 Senior Managment and Boards of Directors  
Article 12.9 Non-Conforming Measures  
Article 12.10 Exceptions  
Article 12.11 Transparency  
Article 12.12 Self-Regulatory Organizations  
Article 12.13 Payment and Clearing Systems  
Article 12.14 Domestic Regulations  
Article 12.15 Expedited Availability of Insurance Services  
Article 12.16 Financial Services Committee  
Article 12.17 Consultations  
Article 12.18 Dispute Settlement  
Article 12.19 Investment Disputes in Financial Services  
Article 12.20 Definitions  
Chapter Thirteen Telecommunications ¡Regresar al incio de la página!
Article13.1 Scope and Coverage  
Article 13.2 Access to and Use of Public Telecommunications Services  
Article 13.3 Obligations Relating for Suppliers of Public Telecommunications Services  
Article 13.4 Additional Obligations Relating to Major Suppliers of Public Telecommunications Services  
Article 13.5 Submarine Cable Systems  
Article 13.6 Conditions for the Supply of Information Services  
Article 13.7 Independent Regulatory Bodies and Government-Owned Telecommunications Suppliers  
Article 13.8 Universal Service  
Article 13.9 Licenses and Other Authorizations  
Article 13.10 Allocation and Use of Scarce Resources  
Article 13.11 Enforcement  
Article 13.12 Resolution of Domestic Telecommunications Disputes  
Article 13.13 Transparency  
Article 13.14 Flexibility in the Choice of Technologies  
Article 13.15 Forbearance  
Article 13.16 Relationship to Other Chapters  
Article 13.17 Definitions  
Chapter Fourteen Electronic Commerce ¡Regresar al incio de la página!
Article 14.1 General  
Article 14.2 Electronica Supply of Services  
Article 14.3 Digital Products  
Article 14.4 Transparency  
Article 14.5 Cooperation  
Article 14.6 Definitions  
Chapter Fifteen Intellectual Property Rights ¡Regresar al incio de la página!
Article 15.1 General Provisions  
Article 15.2 Trademarks  
Article 15.3 Geographical Indications  
Article 15.4 Domain Names on the Internet  
Article 15.5 Obligations Pertaining to Copyright and Related Rights  
Article 15.6 Obligations Pertaining Specifically to Copyright  
Article 15.7 Obligations Pertaining Specifically to Related Rights  
Article15.8 Protection of Encrypted Program-Carrying Satellite Signals  
Article 15.9 Patents  
Article 15.10 Measures Related to Certain Regulated Products  
Article 15.11 Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights  
Article 15.12 Understandings Regarding Certain Public Health Measures  
Article 15.13 Final Provisions  
Chapter Sixteen Labor ¡Regresar al incio de la página!
Article 16.1 Statement of Shared Commitment  
Article 16.2 Fundamental Labor Rights  
Article 16.3 Enforcement of Labor Laws  
Article 16.4 Procedural Guarantees and Public Awareness  
Article 16.5 Institutional Arrangements  
Article 16.6 Labor Cooperation and Capacity Building Mechanism  
  Annex 16.6: Labor Cooperation and Capacity Building Mechanism  
Article 16.7 Coperative Labor Consultations  
Article 16.8 Labor Roster  
Article 16.9 Definitions  
Chapter Seventeen Environment ¡Regresar al incio de la página!
Article 17.1 Levels of Protection  
Article 17.2 Environmental Agreements  
Article 17.3 Enforcement of Environmental Laws  
Article 17.4 Procedural Matters  
Article 17.5 Voluntary Mechanismos to Enhance Environmental Performance  
Article 17.6 Environmental Affairs Council  
Article 17.7 Opportunities for Public Participation  
Article 17.8 Submissions on Enforcement Matters  
Article 17.9 Factual Records and Related Cooperation  
Article 17.10 Environmental Cooperation  
Article 17.11 Collaborative Environmental Consultations and Panel Procedure  
Article 17.12 Environmental Roster  
Article 17.13 Relationship to Environmental Agreements  
Article 17.14 Definitions  
Chapter Eighteen Transparency ¡Regresar al incio de la página!
Section A Transparency  
Article 18.1 Contact Points  
Article 18.2 Publication  
Article 18.3 Notification and Provision of Information  
Article 18.4 Administrative Proceedings  
Article 18.5 Review and Appeal  
Article 18.6 Definitions  
Section B Anti-Corruption  
Article 18.7 Statement of Principle  
Article 18.8 Anti-Corruption Measures  
Article 18.9 Cooperation in International Fora  
Article 18.10 Definitions  
Chapter Nineteen Administration of the Agreement and Trade Capacity Building ¡Regresar al incio de la página!
Section A Administration of the Agreement  
Article 19.1 The Free Trade Commission  
Article 19.2 Free Trade Agreement Coordinators  
Article 19.3 Administration of Dispute Settlement Proceedings  
Section B Trade Capacity Building  
Article 19.4 Committee on Trade Capacity Building  
Section C Trade Security  
Chapter Twenty Dispute Settlement ¡Regresar al incio de la página!
Section A Solución de Controversias  
Article 20.1 Cooperation  
Article 20.2 Scope of application  
Article 20.3 Choice of Forum  
Article 20.4 Consultations  
Article 20.5 Commission- Good Offices, Conciliation, and Mediation  
Article 20.6 Request for an Arbitral Panel  
Article 20.7 Roster  
Article 20.8 Qualification of Panelists  
Article 20.9 Panel Selection  
Article 20.10 Rules of Procedure  
Article 20.11 Role of Experts  
Article 20.12 Initial Report  
Article 20.13 Final Report  
Article 20.14 Implementation of Final Report  
Article 20.15 No Implimentation- Suspension of Benefits  
Article 20.16 Compliance Review  
Article 20.17 Five-Year Review  
Section B Domestic Proceedings and Private Commercial Dispute Settlement  
Article 20.18 Referral of matters from Judicial or Administrative Proceedings  
Article 20.19 Private Rights  
Article 20.20 Alternative Dispute Resolution  
Chapter Twenty-One Exceptions ¡Regresar al incio de la página!
Article 21.1 General Exceptions  
Article 21.2 Essential Security  
Article 21.3 Taxation  
Article 21.4 Balance of Payments Measures on Trade in Goods  
Article 21.5 Disclosure of Information  
Article 21.6 Definitions  
Chapter Twenty-Two Final Provisions ¡Regresar al incio de la página!
Article 22.1 Annexes, Appendices, and Footnotes  
Article 22.2 Amendments  
Article 22.3 Amendments of the WTO Agreement  
Article 22.4 Reservations  
Article 22.5 Entry into Force and Termination  
Article 22.6 Authentic Texts  
Annex 4.1: Specific Rules of Origin PDF  
  Annex I: Non-Conforming Measures for Services and investment  
  Formatting Note PDF ¡Regresar al incio de la página!
  US Annex I PDF  
  Panama Annex I PDF  
  Annex II: Non-Conforming Measures for Services and Investment  
  Formatting NotePDF ¡Regresar al incio de la página!
  US Annex II PDF  
  Panama Annex II PDF  
  Annex III: Non-Conforming Measures for Financial Services  
  US Annex III PDF ¡Regresar al incio de la página!
  Panama Annex III PDF  
  General Notes and Tariff Schedules  
  US General Notes and Appendix I PDF  
  US Agricultural Tariff Schedule PDF  
  US Industrial & Textile Tariff Schedule PDF  
  Panama General Notes and Appendix I PDF  
  Panama Agricultural Tariff Schedule PDF  
  Panama Industrial & Textile Tariff Schedule PDF  

Letter on Autos PDF


Letter on ITA PDF


Letter on Ship Repairs PDF


Letter on Panama Free Zones PDF


Letter on Article 9.15 PDF


Letter on Investment in Specified Sectors PDF


Letter on Retail Sales PDF


Letter on Cross-Border Financial Services PDF


Letter on Insurance PDF


Letter on Pensions PDF


Letter on Traditional Knowledge PDF


Letter on Taxation PDF

Full Text of The Agreement PDF ¡Regresar al incio de la página!
Source: Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR) enlace a sitio fuera del SICE ¡Regresar al incio de la página!



  Spanish version
About the Agreement
  28 June 2007
  Entry into Force
  31 October 2012
Trade Policy Developments


Related Information
Topics Covered in the Agreement