Peru - Australia Free Trade Agreement (PAFTA)
(This Agreement has been marked up by SICE. A PDF version can be found here.)
Chapter 1 Initial Provisions and General Definitions  
Section A Initial Provisions  
Article 1.1 Establishment of a Free Trade Area  
Article 1.2 Relation to Other Agreements  
Section B General Definitions  
Article 1.3 General Definitions  
Chapter 2 National Treatment and Market Access for Goods  
Section A Definitions and Scope  
Article 2.1 Definitions  
Article 2.2 Scope  
Article 2.3 National Treatment  
Article 2.4 Elimination of Customs Duties  
Article 2.5 Waiver of Customs Duties  
Article 2.6 Goods Re-entered after Repair and Alteration  
Article 2.7 Duty-Free Entry of Commercial Samples of Negligible Value and Printed Advertising Material  
Article 2.8 Temporary Admission of Goods  
Article 2.9 Import and Export Restrictions  
Article 2.10 Import Licensing  
Article 2.11 Administrative Fees and Formalities  
Article 2.12 Export Duties, Taxes or Other Charges  
Article 2.13 Treatment of Certain Spirits  
Article 2.14 Committee on Goods  
Section C Agriculture  
Article 2.15 Definitions  
Article 2.16 Scope  
Article 2.17 Agricultural Export Subsidies  
Article 2.18 Trade of Products of Modern Biotechnology  
  Annex 2-A: National Treatment and Import and Export Restrictions  
  Annex 2-B: Tariff Commitments  
  General Notes to Tariff Schedule of Australia  
  Tariff Schedule of Australia  
  General Notes to Tariff Schedule of Peru  
  Tariff Schedule of Peru  
Chapter 3 Rules of Origin and Origin Procedures  
Section A Rules of Origin  
Article 3.1 Definitions  
Article 3.2 Originating Goods  
Article 3.3 Wholly Obtained or Produced Goods  
Article 3.4 Regional Value Content  
Article 3.5 Materials Used in Production  
Article 3.6 Value of Materials Used in Production  
Article 3.7 Further Adjustments to the Value of Materials  
Article 3.8 Accumulation  
Article 3.9 De Minimis  
Article 3.10 Fungible Goods or Materials  
Article 3.11 Accessories, Spare Parts, Tools and Instructional or Other Information Materials  
Article 3.12 Packaging Materials and Containers for Retail Sale  
Article 3.13 Packing Materials and Containers for Shipment  
Article 3.14 Indirect Materials  
Article 3.15 Sets of Goods  
Article 3.16 Transport through non- Parties  
Section B Origin Procedures  
Article 3.17 Claims for Preferential Treatment  
Article 3.18 Basis of a certificate of origin  
Article 3.19 Discrepancies and Minor Errors  
Article 3.20 Waiver of Certificate of Origin  
Article 3.21 Obligations Relating to Importation  
Article 3.22 Record Keeping Requirements  
Article 3.23 Verification of Origin  
Article 3.24 Determinations on Claims for Preferential Tariff Treatment  
Article 3.25 Refunds and Claims for Preferential Tariff Treatment after Importation  
Article 3.26 Penalties  
Article 3.27 Confidentiality  
  Annex 3-A: Data Requirements  
  Annex 3-B: Product-Specific Rules of Origin  
  Section A: General Interpretive Notes  
  Section B: Product-Specific Rules  
Chapter 4 Customs Administration and Trade Facilitation Back to top!
Article 4.1 Customs Procedures  
Article 4.2 Cooperation  
Article 4.3 Advance Rulings  
Article 4.4 Response to Requests for Advice or Information  
Article 4.5 Review and Appeal  
Article 4.6 Automation  
Article 4.7 Express Shipments  
Article 4.8 Penalties  
Article 4.9 Risk Management  
Article 4.10 Release of Goods  
Article 4.11 Publication  
Article 4.12 Confidentiality  
Chapter 5 Trade Remedies  
Section A Safeguard Measures  
Article 5.1 Definitions  
Article 5.2 Global Safeguards  
Article 5.3 Imposition of Transitional Safeguard Measure  
Article 5.4 Investigation Procedures and Transparency Requirements  
Article 5.5 Standards for a Transitional Safeguard Measure  
Article 5.6 Notification and Consultation  
Article 5.7 Compensation  
Article 5.8 Relation to other safeguard measures  
Article 5.9 Antidumping and Countervailing Duties  
Chapter 6 Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures  
Article 6.1 Definitions  
Article 6.2 Scope  
Article 6.3 Reaffirmation of Rights and Obligations Under the WTO  
Article 6.4 Objectives  
Article 6.5 Committee on SPS Measures  
Article 6.6 Adaptation to Regional Conditions, Including Pest- or Disease-Free Areas and Areas of Low Pest or Disease Prevalence  
Article 6.7 Equivalence  
Article 6.8 Science and Risk Analysis  
Article 6.9 Transparency  
Article 6.10 Contact Points  
Article 6.11 Cooperation  
Article 6.12 Technical Consultations  
Chapter 7 Technical Barriers to Trade  
Article 7.1 Definitions  
Article 7.2 Objective  
Article 7.3 Scope  
Article 7.4 Affirmation of the TBT Agreement  
Article 7.5 International Standards, Guides and Recommendations  
Article 7.6 Conformity Assessment  
Article 7.7 Transparency  
Article 7.8 Compliance Period for Technical Regulations and Conformity Assessment Procedures  
Article 7.9 Cooperation and Trade Facilitation  
Article 7.10 Information Exchange and Technical Discussions  
Article 7.11 Contact Points  
  Annex 7-A: Wine and Distilled Spirits  
  Annex 7-B: Organic Products  
Chapter 8 Investment  
Section A Investment  
Article 8.1 Definitions  
Article 8.2 Scope  
Article 8.3 Relation to Other Chapters  
Article 8.4 National Treatment  
Article 8.5 Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment  
Article 8.6 Minimum Standard of Treatment  
Article 8.7 Treatment in Case of Armed Conflict or Civil Strife  
Article 8.8 Expropriation and Compensation  
Article 8.9 Transfers  
Article 8.10 Performance Requirements  
Article 8.11 Senior Management and Boards of Directors  
Article 8.12 Non-Conforming Measures  
Article 8.13 Subrogation  
Article 8.14 Special Formalities and Information Requirements  
Article 8.15 Denial of Benefits  
Article 8.16 Investment and Environmental, Health and other Regulatory Objectives  
Article 8.17 Corporate Social Responsibility  
Article 8.18 General Exceptions  
Section B Investor-State Dispute Settlement  
Article 8.19 Consultation and Negotiation  
Article 8.20 Submission of a Claim to Arbitration  
Article 8.21 Consent of Each Party to Arbitration  
Article 8.22 Conditions and Limitations on Consent of Each Party  
Article 8.23 Selection of Arbitrators  
Article 8.24 Conduct of the Arbitration  
Article 8.25 Transparency of Arbitral Proceedings  
Article 8.26 Governing Law  
Article 8.27 Interpretation of Annexes  
Article 8.28 Expert Reports  
Article 8.29 Consolidation  
Article 8.30 Awards  
Article 8.31 Service of Documents  
  Annex 8-A: Customary International Law   Back to top!
  Annex 8-B: Expropriation  
  Annex 8-C: Service of Documents on a Party Under Section B  
  Annex 8-D: Foreign Investment Framework  
  Annex 8-E: Public Debt  
  Annex 8-F: Submission of a Claim to Arbitration  
Chapter 9 Cross-Border Trade in Services  
Article 9.1 Definitions  
Article 9.2 Scope  
Article 9.3 National Treatment  
Article 9.4 Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment  
Article 9.5 Market Access  
Article 9.6 Local Presence  
Article 9.7 Non-Conforming Measures  
Article 9.8 Domestic Regulation  
Article 9.9 Recognition  
Article 9.10 Denial of Benefits  
Article 9.11 Transparency  
Article 9.12 Payments and Transfers  
  Annex 9-A: Professional Services  
Chapter 10 Financial Services  
Article 10.1 Definitions  
Article 10.2 Scope  
Article 10.3 National Treatment  
Article 10.4 Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment  
Article 10.5 Market Access for Financial Institutions  
Article 10.6 Cross-Border Trade  
Article 10.7 New Financial Services  
Article 10.8 Treatment of Certain Information  
Article 10.9 Senior Management and Boards of Directors  
Article 10.10 Non-Conforming Measures  
Article 10.11 Exceptions  
Article 10.12 Recognition  
Article 10.13 Transparency and Administration of Certain Measures  
Article 10.14 Self-Regulatory Organisations  
Article 10.15 Payment and Clearing Systems  
Article 10.16 Expedited Availability of Insurance Services  
Article 10.17 Performance of Back-Office Functions  
Article 10.18 Consultations  
Article 10.19 Dispute Settlement  
Article 10.20 Portfolio Management  
Article 10.21 Transfer of Information  
Article 10.22 Transparency Considerations  
  Annex 10-A: Cross-Border Trade  
  Annex 10-B: Authorities Responsible for Financial Services  
Chapter 11 Temporary Entry for Business Persons  
Article 11.1 Definitions  
Article 11.2 Scope  
Article 11.3 Application Procedures  
Article 11.4 Grant of Temporary Entry  
Article 11.5 Provision of Information  
Article 11.6 Committee on Temporary Entry for Business Persons  
Article 11.7 Cooperation  
Article 11.8 Relation to Other Chapters  
Article 11.9 Dispute Settlement  
  Annex 11-A: Schedule of Australia  
  Annex 11-A: Schedule of Peru  
Chapter 12 Telecommunications Back to top!
Article 12.1 Definitions  
Article 12.2 Scope  
Article 12.3 Approaches to Regulation  
Article 12.4 Access to and Use of Public Telecommunications Services  
Article 12.5 Obligations Relating to Suppliers of Public Telecommunications Services  
Article 12.6 International Mobile Roaming  
Article 12.7 Treatment by Major Suppliers of Public Telecommunications Services  
Article 12.8 Competitive Safeguards  
Article 12.9 Resale  
Article 12.10 Unbundling of Network Elements by Major Suppliers  
Article 12.11 Interconnection with Major Suppliers  
Article 12.12 Provisioning and Pricing of Leased Circuits Services by Major Suppliers  
Article 12.13 Co-Location by Major Suppliers  
Article 12.14 Access to Poles, Ducts, Conduits and Rights-of-way Owned or Controlled by Major Suppliers  
Article 12.15 Independent Regulatory Bodies and Government Ownership  
Article 12.16 Universal Service  
Article 12.17 Licensing Process  
Article 12.18 Allocation and Use of Scarce Resources  
Article 12.19 Enforcement  
Article 12.20 Resolution of Telecommunications Disputes  
Article 12.21 Transparency  
Article 12.22 Flexibility in the Choice of Technology  
Article 12.23 Relation to Other Chapters  
Article 12.24 Relation to International Organisations  
  Annex 12-A: Rural Telephone Suppliers Peru  
Chapter 13 Electronic Commerce  
Article 13.1 Definitions  
Article 13.2 Scope and General Provisions  
Article 13.3 Customs Duties  
Article 13.4 Non-Discriminatory Treatment of Digital Products  
Article 13.5 Domestic Electronic Transactions Framework  
Article 13.6 Electronic Authentication and Electronic Signatures  
Article 13.7 Online Consumer Protection  
Article 13.8 Personal Information Protection  
Article 13.9 Paperless Trading  
Article 13.10 Principles on Access to and Use of the Internet for Electronic Commerce  
Article 13.11 Cross-Border Transfer of Information by Electronic Means  
Article 13.12 Location of Computing Facilities  
Article 13.13 Unsolicited Commercial Electronic Messages  
Article 13.14 Cooperation  
Article 13.15 Cooperation on Cybersecurity Matters  
Article 13.16 Source Code  
Chapter 14 Government Procurement  
Article 14.1 Definitions  
Article 14.2 Scope  
Article 14.3 Exceptions  
Article 14.4 General Principles  
Article 14.5 Publication of Procurement Information  
Article 14.6 Notices of Intended Procurement  
Article 14.7 Conditions for Participation  
Article 14.8 Qualification of Suppliers  
Article 14.9 Limited Tendering  
Article 14.10 Technical Specifications  
Article 14.11 Tender Documentation  
Article 14.12 Time Periods  
Article 14.13 Treatment of Tenders and Awarding of Contracts  
Article 14.14 Post-Award Information  
Article 14.15 Disclosure of Information  
Article 14.16 Ensuring Integrity in Procurement Practices  
Article 14.17 Domestic Review  
Article 14.18 Modifications and Rectifications of Annex 14-A  
Article 14.19 Facilitation of Participation by SMEs  
Article 14.20 Cooperation  
Article 14.21 Contact Points on Government Procurement  
  Annex 14-A  
  Schedule of Australia  
  Schedule of Peru Back to top!
Chapter 15 Competition Policy  
Article 15.1 Competition Law and Authorities and Anticompetitive Business Conduct  
Article 15.2 Procedural Fairness in Competition Law Enforcement  
Article 15.3 Private Rights of Action  
Article 15.4 Cooperation  
Article 15.5 Technical Cooperation  
Article 15.6 Consumer Protection  
Article 15.7 Transparency  
Article 15.8 Consultations  
Article 15.9 Non-Application of Dispute Settlement  
Chapter 16 State-Owned Enterprises and Designated Monopolies  
Article 16.1 Definitions  
Article 16.2 Scope  
Article 16.3 Delegated Authority  
Article 16.4 Non-discriminatory Treatment and Commercial Considerations  
Article 16.5 Courts and Administrative Bodies  
Article 16.6 Non-commercial Assistance  
Article 16.7 Adverse Effects  
Article 16.8 Injury  
Article 16.9 Party-Specific Annexes  
Article 16.10 Transparency  
Article 16.11 Technical Cooperation  
Article 16.12 Contact Points  
Article 16.13 Exceptions  
Article 16.14 Further Negotiations  
Article 16.15 Process for Developing Information  
  Annex 16-A: Threshold Calculation  
  Annex 16-B: Process for Developing Information Concerning State-Owned Enterprises and Designated Monopolies  
  Annex 16-C: Further Negotiations  
  Annex 16-D: Application to Sub-Central State-Owned Enterprises and Designated Monopolies  
Chapter 17 Intellectual Property  
Article 17.1 Definitions  
Article 17.2 Objectives  
Article 17.3 Principles  
Article 17.4 Understandings in Respect of this Chapter  
Article 17.5 Nature and Scope of Obligations  
Article 17.6 Understandings Regarding Certain Public Health Measures  
Article 17.7 International Agreements  
Article 17.8 National Treatment  
Article 17.9 Transparency  
Article 17.10 Application of Chapter to Existing Subject Matter and Prior Acts  
Article 17.11 Exhaustion of Intellectual Property Rights  
Section B Cooperation  
Article 17.12 Contact Points for Cooperation  
Article 17.13 Cooperation Activities and Initiatives  
Article 17.14 Patent Cooperation and Work Sharing  
Article 17.15 Plant Varieties  
Article 17.16 Cooperation on Genetic Resources and Traditional Knowledge  
Article 17.17 Cooperation on Request  
Section C Genetic Resources and Traditional Knowledge  
Article 17.18 General Provisions  
Section D Trademarks  
Article 17.19 Types of Signs Registrable as Trademarks  
Article 17.20 Collective and Certification Marks  
Article 17.21 Use of Identical or Similar Signs  
Article 17.22 Exceptions  
Article 17.23 Well-Known Trademarks  
Section E Geographical Indications  
Article 17.24 Protection of Geographical Indications  
Section F Patents  
Article 17.25 Patentable Subject Matter  
Article 17.26 Exceptions  
Article 17.27 Other Use Without Authorisation of the Right Holder  
Section G Copyright and Related Rights  
Article 17.28 Definitions  
Article 17.29 Right of Reproduction  
Article 17.30 Right of Communication to the Public  
Article 17.31 Right of Distribution  
Article 17.32 Related Rights  
Article 17.33 Application of Article 18 of the Berne Convention and Article 14.6 of the TRIPS Agreement  
Article 17.34 Limitations and Exceptions  
Article 17.35 Balance in Copyright and Related Rights Systems  
Article 17.36 Collective Management  
Section H Enforcement  
Article 17.37 General Obligations  
Article 17.38 Presumptions  
Article 17.39 Enforcement Practices with Respect to Intellectual Property Rights  
Article 17.40 Civil Procedures and Remedies  
Article 17.41 Provisional Measures  
Article 17.42 Special Requirements Related to Border Measures  
Article 17.43 Criminal Procedures and Penalties  
Chapter 18 Labour  
Article 18.1 Definitions  
Article 18.2 Statement of Shared Commitments  
Article 18.3 Fundamental Labour Rights  
Article 18.4 Application and Enforcement of Labour Laws  
Article 18.5 Procedural Guarantees and Public Awareness  
Article 18.6 Contact Points  
Article 18.7 Labour Cooperation  
Chapter 19 Environment  
Article 19.1 Definitions  
Article 19.2 Objectives  
Article 19.3 General Commitments  
Article 19.4 Multilateral Environmental Agreements  
Article 19.5 Environmental Consultations  
Article 19.6 Dispute Settlement  
Chapter 20 Cooperation and Capacity Building  
Article 20.1 General Provisions  
Article 20.2 Areas of Cooperation and Capacity Building  
Article 20.3 Contact Points for Cooperation and Capacity Building  
Article 20.4 Committee on Cooperation and Capacity Building  
Article 20.5 Resources  
Article 20.6 Non-Application of Dispute Settlement  
Chapter 21 Competitiveness and Business Facilitation Back to top!
Article 21.1 Definitions  
Article 21.2 Activities and Contact Points on Competitiveness and Business Facilitation  
Article 21.3 Non-Application of Dispute Settlement  
Chapter 22 Development  
Article 22.1 General Provisions  
Article 22.2 Promotion of Development  
Article 22.3 Broad-Based Economic Growth  
Article 22.4 Women and Economic Growth  
Article 22.5 Education, Science and Technology, Research and Innovation  
Article 22.6 Joint Development Activities  
Article 22.7 Contact Points on Development  
Article 22.8 Relation to Other Chapters  
Article 22.9 Non-Application of Dispute Settlement  
Chapter 23 Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises  
Article 23.1 General Provisions  
Article 23.2 Information Sharing  
Article 23.3 Activities and Contact Points on SMEs  
Article 23.4 Non-Application of Dispute Settlement  
Chapter 24 Regulatory Coherence  
Article 24.1 Definitions  
Article 24.2 General Provisions  
Article 24.3 Scope of Covered Regulatory Measures  
Article 24.4 Coordination and Review Processes or Mechanisms  
Article 24.5 Implementation of Core Good Regulatory Practices  
Article 24.6 Contact Points  
Article 24.7 Cooperation  
Article 24.8 Relation to Other Chapters  
Article 24.9 Non-application of Dispute Settlement  
Chapter 25 Transparency and Anti-Corruption  
Section A Definitions  
Article 25.1 Definitions  
Section B Transparency  
Article 25.2 Publication  
Article 25.3 Administrative Proceedings  
Article 25.4 Review and Appeal  
Article 25.5 Provision of Information  
Section C Anti-Corruption  
Article 25.6 Scope  
Article 25.7 Measures to Combat Corruption  
Article 25.8 Promoting Integrity among Public Officials  
Article 25.9 Application and Enforcement of Anti-Corruption Laws  
Article 25.10 Participation of Private Sector and Society  
Article 25.11 Relation to Other Agreements  
Chapter 26 Administrative and Institutional Provisions Back to top!
Article 26.1 Establishment of the Joint Commission  
Article 26.2 Functions of the Joint Commission  
Article 26.3 Decision-Making  
Article 26.4 Rules of Procedure of the Joint Commission  
Article 26.5 Contact Points  
Chapter 27 Dispute Settlement  
Section A Dispute Settlement  
Article 27.1 Definitions  
Article 27.2 Cooperation  
Article 27.3 Scope  
Article 27.4 Choice of Forum  
Article 27.5 Consultations  
Article 27.6 Good Offices, Conciliation and Mediation  
Article 27.7 Establishment of a Panel  
Article 27.8 Terms of Reference  
Article 27.9 Composition of Panels  
Article 27.10 Qualifications of Panellists  
Article 27.11 Function of Panels  
Article 27.12 Rules of Procedure for Panels  
Article 27.13 Role of Experts  
Article 27.14 Suspension or Termination of Proceedings  
Article 27.15 Initial Report  
Article 27.16 Final Report  
Article 27.17 Implementation of Final Report;  
Article 27.18 Non-Implementation Compensation and Suspension of Benefits  
Article 27.19 Compliance Review  
Section B Domestic Proceedings and Private Commercial Dispute Settlement  
Article 27.20 Private Rights  
Article 27.21 Alternative Dispute Resolution  
Chapter 28 Exceptions and General Provisions  
Section A Exceptions  
Article 28.1 General Exceptions  
Article 28.2 Security Exceptions  
Article 28.3 Temporary Safeguard Measures  
Article 28.4 Taxation Measures  
Section B General Provisions  
Article 28.5 Disclosure of Information  
Chapter 29 Final Provisions  
Article 29.1 Annexes, Appendices and Footnotes  
Article 29.2 Amendments  
Article 29.3 Amendment of the WTO Agreement  
Article 29.4 Entry into Force  
Article 29.5 Termination  
Article 29.6 Authentic Texts  
  Annex I  
  Explanatory Notes  
  Schedule of Australia  
  Schedule of Peru  
  Annex II  
  Explanatory Notes  
  Schedule of Australia  
  Schedule of Peru  
  Annex III  
  Explanatory Notes  
  Schedule of Australia  
  Schedule of Peru  
  Annex IV  
  Explanatory Notes  
  Schedule of Australia  
  Schedule of Peru  
Associated documents    
  Side Letter on Education Recognition  
  Side Letter on State and Territory Measures  
  Letter Terminating the Agreement Between Australia and the Republic of Peru on the Promotion and Protection of Investments  
PDF Version of text  
Sources: Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Australia; Ministerio de Comercio Exterior y Turismo, Peru Offsite link!
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About the Agreement
  12 February 2018
  Entry into Force
  11 February 2020
Trade Policy Developments
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